Jean Dubuffet founded the movement Art Brut, which aimed to take a more realistic and humanistic approach to art by rejecting preconceived notions of beauty. Born into a wealthy family, he had the luxury of having his own lithographic press in his private art studio, and was therefore, able to incorporate elements into his work that would gather onto the stone over time, including dust.
Dubuffet had an unusually experimental and refreshing approach to lithography. He did not allow his process to be inhibited by standard steps, tools, and techniques, and used ingenious methods, including his fingers, to draw on the stone (instead of the usual brush, crayon, or pencil). He believed that this prevented him from projecting images and ideas onto his canvas, and resulting in a more organic and natural lithographs that reflected not only him, but also the universality of artistic products.
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