In Paris during the rise of Cubism, Joseph Fernand Henri Léger embraced the philosophy of Modernism to create his own form of Cubism, informally known as 'Tubism'. Lager's subjects, though more identifiable than Picasso or Braque's Cubist dissections of natural dimension, reduce both human figures and their environment to geometric tube-like shapes. Influenced by the technological advances of World War I, Leger seems to question the distinction between man and machine.
Léger was purposeful in his use of recognizable imagery: he believed that injecting a small piece of Realism into his work made it more accessible. In contrast to the earth tones and faint boundaries of Braque's analytical Cubist paintings, Léger separated bright primary colors with thick black barriers. Léger's Populist (and later Communist) political leanings gave him a desire to reach and serve the masses, a goal he pursued specifically with his work in lithography, along with his work in illustration and film.
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Lithograph, 21.5" x 27.5", 1953
Lithographic poster, 23.75" x 17.75", 1962